Masjid Al-Iman Khutbah :04.09.2009


Allah says in the holy Qur`an-- Take Sadaqa (alms) from their wealth in order to purify them and sanctify them with it, and invoke Allah for them, and Allah is All- Hearer, All-Knower.-sura-9-verse-103.

Zakat is the third pillar of Islam, which is also the right of Allah onto his servants. And Allah has given this right to eight classes of people. As Allah says in the holy Qur`an-- AS-sadaqat (here it means zakat) are only for the 1. (poor who do not beg) 2.(the poor who beg) 3.and those employed to collect the (funds); 4.and for to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam);5.and to free the captives;6. and for those in debt;7. and for Allah`s cause(i.e. those fighting for the cause of Allah by any means); 8. and for the wayfarer (a traveler who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allah. And Allah is All-knower, All-wise. -sura-9-verse 60.

So zakat is a means of purification of ones self and his wealth, by offering the rights of Allah to him.It is also to purify the individual from becoming stingy. And finally, it is also a purification for the poor, from been jealous.And Allah himself has set up the rules of zakat, and he made it simple and easy for everyone to understand.

There are four conditions that a person has to fulfill before he can offer zakat. 1.He has to be a muslim. Because the deeds of the disbeliever are not accepted. 2. He has to be independent, because one can only offer what belongs to him. and a slave does not process anything. 3.The wealth has to be untouched or used for a period of one year,4. And finally, the owner should not have any debt on him .

Then Allah has warned us very seriously about the person who refuses to offer his zakat. As we read in the holy Qur`an--And those who hoard up gold and silver, and spend it not in the way of Allah,- announce unto them a painful torment-On the day when that money, gold and silver etc., the zakat of which has not been paid, will be heated in the fire of hell and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs; (and it will be said unto them):- "This is the treasure which you hoarded for yourselves. Now taste of what you used to hoard"- sura 9- verse 34,35.

That means- since the money used to be the most important thing for him in this world, it will become the most dangerous thing against him on the last day.And those parts of the body were mentioned, because when the rich sees the poor, he changes the looks on his face, and become very angry. And if the poor asked for help, the rich turns his side. and if the poor insists, then the rich will turn his back completely. So Allah decreed the punishment according to the character.

Zakat has been ordained on four type of things--1.CATTLE 2. CROPS FROM THE EARTH. 3.MONEY 4. TRADING PRODUCTS.

The amount decreed for a person is, when one has an amount of 85grams of gold (or if one has money equivalent to that amount); and he has it in his possession for a period of one year. Then he has to give an amount of( 2½) two and half percent of the whole amount.And some scholars say, if one can`t know how much has been with him for a year, then he can decide to calculate everything he has with him, and then he give 2½ percent of the whole.

Due to the importance of zakat in Islam, the prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be onto him) said-- in the hadith of Abu Huraira (r.a). He who Allah has given money and he does not give zakat, The money will turn into a big ugly snake called (SHUJA-AN AQRA)with two horns. It will get hold of him on the judgment day. And say-I AM YOUR MONEY, AND I AM YOUR WEALTH. then the prophet read--AND LET NOT THOSE WHO COVETOUSLY WITHHOLD OF THAT WHICH ALLAH HAS BESTOWED ON THEM OF HIS BOUNTY(WEALTH) THINK THAT IT IS GOOD FOR THEM . NAY, IT WILL BE WORSE FOR THEM;THE THINGS WHICH THEY COVETOUSLY WITHHELD SHALL BE TIED TO THEIR NECKS LIKE A COLLAR ON DAY OF RESURRECTION.-SURA-3-VERSE180