Al-Iman Khutbah :04.09.2009
TO OFFER ZAKAT IN ISLAM
in the holy Qur`an-- Take Sadaqa (alms) from their wealth in
order to purify them and sanctify them with it, and invoke Allah
for them, and Allah is All- Hearer, All-Knower.-sura-9-verse-103.
Zakat is the third pillar of Islam, which is also the right
of Allah onto his servants. And Allah has given this right to
eight classes of people. As Allah says in the holy Qur`an--
AS-sadaqat (here it means zakat) are only for the 1. (poor who
do not beg) 2.(the poor who beg) 3.and those employed to collect
the (funds); 4.and for to attract the hearts of those who have
been inclined (towards Islam);5.and to free the captives;6.
and for those in debt;7. and for Allah`s cause(i.e. those fighting
for the cause of Allah by any means); 8. and for the wayfarer
(a traveler who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed
by Allah. And Allah is All-knower, All-wise. -sura-9-verse 60.
So zakat is a means of purification of ones self and his wealth,
by offering the rights of Allah to him.It is also to purify
the individual from becoming stingy. And finally, it is also
a purification for the poor, from been jealous.And Allah himself
has set up the rules of zakat, and he made it simple and easy
for everyone to understand.
There are four conditions that a person has to fulfill before
he can offer zakat. 1.He has to be a muslim. Because the deeds
of the disbeliever are not accepted. 2. He has to be independent,
because one can only offer what belongs to him. and a slave
does not process anything. 3.The wealth has to be untouched
or used for a period of one year,4. And finally, the owner should
not have any debt on him .
Then Allah has warned us very seriously about the person who
refuses to offer his zakat. As we read in the holy Qur`an--And
those who hoard up gold and silver, and spend it not in the
way of Allah,- announce unto them a painful torment-On the day
when that money, gold and silver etc., the zakat of which has
not been paid, will be heated in the fire of hell and with it
will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs;
(and it will be said unto them):- "This is the treasure
which you hoarded for yourselves. Now taste of what you used
to hoard"- sura 9- verse 34,35.
That means- since the money used to be the most important thing
for him in this world, it will become the most dangerous thing
against him on the last day.And those parts of the body were
mentioned, because when the rich sees the poor, he changes the
looks on his face, and become very angry. And if the poor asked
for help, the rich turns his side. and if the poor insists,
then the rich will turn his back completely. So Allah decreed
the punishment according to the character.
Zakat has been ordained on four type of things--1.CATTLE 2.
CROPS FROM THE EARTH. 3.MONEY 4. TRADING PRODUCTS.
The amount decreed for a person is, when one has an amount of
85grams of gold (or if one has money equivalent to that amount);
and he has it in his possession for a period of one year. Then
he has to give an amount of( 2½) two and half percent
of the whole amount.And some scholars say, if one can`t know
how much has been with him for a year, then he can decide to
calculate everything he has with him, and then he give 2½
percent of the whole.
Due to the importance of zakat in Islam, the prophet Muhammad
(peace and blessings of Allah be onto him) said-- in the hadith
of Abu Huraira (r.a). He who Allah has given money and he does
not give zakat, The money will turn into a big ugly snake called
(SHUJA-AN AQRA)with two horns. It will get hold of him on the
judgment day. And say-I AM YOUR MONEY, AND I AM YOUR WEALTH.
then the prophet read--AND LET NOT THOSE WHO COVETOUSLY WITHHOLD
OF THAT WHICH ALLAH HAS BESTOWED ON THEM OF HIS BOUNTY(WEALTH)
THINK THAT IT IS GOOD FOR THEM . NAY, IT WILL BE WORSE FOR THEM;THE
THINGS WHICH THEY COVETOUSLY WITHHELD SHALL BE TIED TO THEIR
NECKS LIKE A COLLAR ON DAY OF RESURRECTION.-SURA-3-VERSE180