Al-Iman Khutbah : 26.11.2010
RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE HUMAN BEING IN THIS WORLD.
Allah (subhaanahu wata aalaa) says in the Al-Qur`an- Truly, We
did offer Al-Amanah (the trust or moral responsibility or honesty
and all the duties which Allah has ordained) to the heavens and
the earth, and the mountains, but they declined to bear it and
were afraid of it (i.e. afraid of Allah`s Torment). But man bore
it. Verily, he was unjust (to himself) and ignorant (of its results).
Sura 33 verse 72.
Allah has created the human being in the best of mould and beautified
his image. Then Allah provided him with all his needs, so what
are the responsibilities of the human being towards his Lord?
As mentioned in the above verse, Allah gave the responsibilities
to the heavens, earth, and mountains. But they refused to carry
them due to fear of not been able to obey. Then the human being
accepted them. He will be rewarded with good if he executes these
responsibilities as expected, or he will be rewarded with bad,
if he disobeys.
Every deed that the human being performs towards his Lord is
a responsibility (trust). (caring for your children, kindness
to your wife, and all the obligatory duties). The biggest responsibility
is to give the rights of Allah to him. Then comes the rights of
other people. As Allah says in the Al-Qur`an-Worship Allah and
join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk,
orphans, the poor who beg, the neighbour who is near of kin, the
neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer
(you meet), and those (slaves) whom your hands posses. Verily,
Allah does not like such as are proud and boastful; sura 4 verse
36. This verse is known as the verse of the ten rights. Because
it contains ten rights, and they are:-
The rights of Allah- And that is to worship Allah as one without
associating partners with him as said in the Qur`an. And a worship
will not be accepted unless it is sincerely devoted to Allah.
So the human being is created to serve, either he serves Allah
or he serves the devil.
The rights of parents- And that is to respect them, serving them,
and preventing them from been harmed. The most important person
who has rights on the human being after the rights of Allah, are
the parents. Allah says in the Al-Qur`an- And say: “My Lord!
Bestow on them your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small.
Sura 17 verse 24.
The rights of close relatives- They are those related to you in
blood, either through the mother or father. ( you should show
kindness to them by visits, assistance of any kind, by money or
what ever is needed that you can provide.
The rights of orphans- They are the children who lost their fathers
while they are still not matured. And that is to be kind to them,
take care of their money, and train them to become good children.
The prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be onto him)
says- A person who takes care of the orphan who belongs to him
or some ones, I will be with him in Paradise like this. (Then
he joined two of his fingers together.)
The rights of the poor- And that is by helping them in any way
possible, and attending to him. The prophet Muhammad (peace and
blessings of Allah be onto him) said- Aperson who takes care of
the poor and the widow is like a Mujahid (A person who fights
for the sake of Allah)
The rights of the neighbour- Neighbour in Islam is divided into
three categories. (A) A neighbour who is a Muslim, and at the
same time a relative. He has the right of a relative, the right
of Islam, and the right of being a neighbour.
(B) The neighbour who is a Muslim. He has the right of Islam,
and the right of being a neighbour. (C) The neighbour who is not
a Muslim- He has the rights of being a neighbour. And the rights
of the neighbour are, to show kindness to him, help him when he
is in need, and do not disturb him. The prophet Muhammd (peace
and blessings of Allah be onto him) says- He who believe in Allah
and the last day should be kind to his neighbour.
The rights of the companion by your side- He is a Muslim who travels
with you- And that is to guide him on his journey, and to help
him financially if he is in need.
The rights of the wayfarer- He is the traveller you meet. If even
he is rich in his country of residence, should he demand for assistance
to complete his journey or return to his country, he should be
helped by the Muslims.
The rights of slaves- To be kind to them and help them by providing
them with their needs.
Then Allah finally said- Verily, Allah does not like such as are
proud and boastful. Sura 4 verse 36
And He is the person who is proud of what he has of wealth .
So he undermine people, and he does not help his relatives or
any of the persons mentioned above.
These are some of the responsibilities the human being has accepted
to carry from his Lord. If he executes them according to the demands,
then he will be rewarded by his Lord. Allah says in the Al-Qur`an-
Verily! Allah commands that you should render back the trusts
to those, to whom they are due. Sura 4 verse 58.